Some distinctive features of hunter-gatherer musics?
In several parts of Southeast Asia, the nomadic hunting and gathering populations display musical performance structures that differ in significant ways from those of their more sedentary neighbors, even in cases where they otherwise share the same melodic motifs. In particular, the nomadic populations favor highly heterophonic and/or starkly non-melismatic singing that contrasts with the more homophonic and decorated styles preferred in the sedentary populations. Cultural and social reasons for these differences will be proposed, with illustrations taken from field recordings made in various parts of the Malay World, both inland and maritime. The question will also be raised whether similar features characterize nomadic hunter-gatherer musics from other parts of the world.